During the Classical Period (1750 to 1825 approximately) musicians, along with architects and artists, began to look for a simpler, cleaner style. Inspired by Ancient Greece, otherwise known as the Hellenic Period or Classical Greece.
They aimed to distance themselves from the ornamented Baroque & Rococo.
An important social change happened in this era. The monarchy & church were replaced by the aristocracy as art patrons. & they brought about all kinds of changes to art & music.
Dances like the minuet & the gavotte fulfilled entertainment purposes.
Vienna became the musical centre of Europe were the Viennese style took place. Composers from all over Europe arrived in Vienna to learn. Here they developed the standard musical forms which dominated for a few decades.
The reform from the Baroque opera was performed by Christoph von Gluck.
Other important composers were Johann Stamitz, who contributed to the orchestra & incorporated his idea of the orchestral symphony & Franz Schubert who’s music includes the first trace of the Romantic Era‘s characteristics.
The peak in the Classical Period was with the symphonies,