The Renaissance (1300 to 1700 approximately) is a period that took place from the 14th to the 16th Century.
Renaissance means Rebirth. It came right after the Dark Ages.
The School of Athens (Scuola di Atene) by Raphael
The Renaissance is remembered as a stage of renewal & cultural vitality. Rich in new discoveries & creations, including the printing press, continents, astronomical systems, philosophy, literature, *art*, & plenty others.
The people experienced political stability & prosperity after being plagued by the Dark Ages, quite literally.
After a period defined in the most part by the confines of the Church, the Renaissance represented a stage for them to explore deep into humanism.
The Vitruvian Man (Le proporzioni del corpo umano secondo Vitruvio) by: Leonardo Da Vinci
A school in the Netherlands for composers mastered polyphony & created the Flemish style. One of the early composers was Josquin des Prez & the music genre reached its climax with Giovanni da Palestrina.
A lovely song by Thomas Morley: