For: My mother.
These posts aims to be a representation of the evolution of music in a rhyzomatic form. You can learn about music all the way from the Dark Ages to the 21st Century in the most compressed yet entertaining way I could think of, accompanied by a general cultural context. Given the short presentation of events, if there is anything you would like to add, don’t hesitate to comment!
You can jump around to the Parts that interest you the most:
& now, from the top!
The first period is commonly referred to in three different ways:
This period began around the fall of the Roman Empire (476 CE.) & ended around the 14th century at the beginning of the Renaissance. Popularly recognised as a period taking place from the year 500 to 1500 approximately.
In this video, you can hear a rendition from 1994 of the Gregorian Chant, called Dies Irae (Day of Wrath).
The above is a rendition of the famous Latin Catholic hymn from the 13th century. It speaks about the second coming of Christ & Judgement Day.
Around the 9th century, at Notre Dame in Paris a different kind of music called organum was created. Musicians began experimenting with simultaneous melodic lines in parallel intervals. Resulting in this:
This experimental music is part of what was later called the Ars Antiqua (Old Art).
Guillaume de Machaut (or Mauchault) (CE. 1300-1377) is considered the first famous, genius musician in Western culture. Charles V of France sought out Machaut’s work as a composer. Among his fans was also Geoffrey Chaucer.
He is specially remembered for creating polyphonic sounds for the Ordinary in Catholic Mass. He also composed love songs.
Mauchaut made sure that his works were copied & illustrated in order to preserve his creations & transcend as an artist in our history.
His creations paved the way for choir music in the Renaissance.